大通| 渠县| 鄂尔多斯| 布尔津| 天安门| 离石| 衡山| 无锡| 盐津| 公主岭| 炉霍| 罗山| 栾城| 华县| 富蕴| 环江| 玉屏| 莎车| 偏关| 鄂尔多斯| 工布江达| 大田| 社旗| 博湖| 万源| 惠水| 万荣| 东辽| 会同| 滦县| 台前| 西畴| 咸宁| 八宿| 洞头| 额尔古纳| 确山| 石屏| 涉县| 玛纳斯| 安宁| 河曲| 阿克陶| 宜州| 兰西| 都江堰| 德庆| 龙山| 博野| 农安| 原阳| 海安| 饶平| 通榆| 伊金霍洛旗| 三河| 平房| 汶上| 珊瑚岛| 章丘| 岳普湖| 淮滨| 察哈尔右翼前旗| 宁阳| 惠州| 靖边| 阿荣旗| 巴青| 柳林| 正定| 克拉玛依| 建始| 阿坝| 蓬莱| 耿马| 岐山| 乌尔禾| 广西| 南城| 木兰| 灵武| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 鲅鱼圈| 大龙山镇| 胶南| 合阳| 延川| 陕县| 东山| 襄汾| 加格达奇| 砀山| 特克斯| 隆回| 额尔古纳| 桦川| 务川| 肥乡| 江源| 聂荣| 上虞| 鞍山| 吉安县| 明溪| 马边| 韶山| 忻城| 保山| 昂仁| 四方台| 鲅鱼圈| 广饶| 宾川| 温县| 青川| 杭锦旗| 防城区| 昭通| 莱西| 杂多| 迁安| 扬中| 景东| 万州| 阿鲁科尔沁旗| 西山| 湘潭市| 陈仓| 八一镇| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 防城港| 碌曲| 罗江| 简阳| 桂平| 北川| 石门| 库车| 原平| 宁夏| 恭城| 香河| 洪雅| 浠水| 关岭| 宁化| 永昌| 垫江| 三原| 阿勒泰| 马山| 枣庄| 封丘| 华池| 浪卡子| 齐齐哈尔| 西山| 美溪| 化州| 丰南| 正宁| 茂港| 海兴| 馆陶| 始兴| 甘南| 邹平| 安达| 青白江| 横峰| 南昌市| 峡江| 江阴| 疏附| 顺平| 盐池| 政和| 宣汉| 西华| 西丰| 清河门| 嫩江| 鲁山| 泊头| 永寿| 曲靖| 贺兰| 西乌珠穆沁旗| 武鸣| 临泉| 织金| 合水| 全南| 延吉| 宝山| 拉孜| 肃宁| 忻州| 白山| 临沧| 萨迦| 绥阳| 栖霞| 石棉| 嵩明| 莘县| 勐腊| 江门| 昂仁| 温宿| 建水| 兴山| 马尔康| 会泽| 双桥| 崇义| 满城| 盐田| 和顺| 荆门| 平昌| 沙湾| 新县| 樟树| 阜新市| 连江| 岗巴| 桂林| 大理| 郑州| 青铜峡| 寿光| 梁子湖| 法库| 新沂| 龙凤| 泊头| 吐鲁番| 淮阴| 武胜| 广元| 鄢陵| 共和| 开平| 天祝| 武陟| 道真| 霍城| 牟平| 新乡| 乌兰| 铁山港| 宜春| 大同区| 勃利| 兴平| 塔城| 武隆| 惠安| 康保| 安吉| 平武| 南平|

DNF2.16停机更新公告 新男法预热活动强势来袭

2019-07-20 20:32 来源:国 华新闻网

  DNF2.16停机更新公告 新男法预热活动强势来袭

  ChildrenplayonasquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)StudentsofamiddleschoolplayfootballinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmangoeswindsurferinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,May4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)CitizensposeforphotoattheOlympicParkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)ChildrenpracticerollerskatinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmandoesexercisesataparkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)AsailboatisseeninthewaterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)

SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)PandasshowofftheirsoccerskillsattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandainSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonJune10aheadoftheFIFAWorldCup.(Photo/CourtesyoftheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPanda)Asthe2018FIFAWorldCupapproaches,letsseehowgiantpandasinSWChinasSichuanarepreparingforthebigevent!PandasshowofftheirsoccerskillsattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandainSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonJune10aheadoftheFIFAWorldCup.(Photo/CourtesyoftheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPanda)PandasshowofftheirsoccerskillsattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandainSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonJune10aheadoftheFIFAWorldCup.(Photo/CourtesyoftheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPanda)ApandashowsoffitssoccerskillsattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandainSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonJune10aheadoftheFIFAWorldCup.(Photo/CourtesyoftheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPanda)PandasshowofftheirsoccerskillsattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandainSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonJune10aheadoftheFIFAWorldCup.(Photo/CourtesyoftheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPanda)ApandashowsoffitssoccerskillsattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandainSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonJune10aheadoftheFIFAWorldCup.(Photo/CourtesyoftheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPanda)ApandashowsoffitssoccerskillsattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandainSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonJune10aheadoftheFIFAWorldCup.(Photo/CourtesyoftheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPanda)ApandashowsoffitssoccerskillsattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandainSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonJune10aheadoftheFIFAWorldCup.(Photo/CourtesyoftheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPanda)ApandashowsoffitssoccerskillsattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandainSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonJune10aheadoftheFIFAWorldCup.(Photo/CourtesyoftheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPanda)ApandashowsoffitssoccerskillsattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandainSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonJune10aheadoftheFIFAWorldCup.(Photo/CourtesyoftheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPanda)ApandashowsoffitssoccerskillsattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandainSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonJune10aheadoftheFIFAWorldCup.(Photo/CourtesyoftheChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPanda)

  TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)BicyclecartsandbamboobirdcagesQianmenDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Inthe1990s,whiletravelingthroughBeijingtowardsouthwestChinaIwouldalwaysspendafewdaysincreasingmyknowledgeofthecity’“Qianmen-Dashilar”appearedinmydiarynotesfromthosedays—anareaIdiscoveredtobebustlingwithstreetlifewhileretainingmuchofthecapital,acafeoverlookingthemassiveZhengyangmenGatecomplex,Iatebreakfast,satatthewindowanddreamed—dreamsofBeijing,theareaIwasinanditsmanyfacetsandepisodeswithinthecity’,butthelocalnameWestHeyanStreet,orWestRiverbankStreet,(ArrowTower)isonthecity’,“FrontGate”oftheMingDynastywallsseparatingtheimperialgrandeurofthenorthfromthevibrant,,re,(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)ItwassouthalongthatroutetheemperorswouldbecarriedtowardstheTempleofHeavenforritualceremoniesbutitwasalsothroughtheJianloupassagewaywhereofficialsandtheirfamilieswouldemergeintothebustlingareasofQianmenandDashilar,ascommerceandentertainmentwektoweroftheformerZhengyangmenRailwayStation—theoriginal“Beijingstation”,,andanelemen,(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Nextdoor,onQianmenEastStreet,theBeijingPlanningExhib,andbeamazedatthehaphazardlenortharoundDongsi,XisiandZhonggulou,’snarrowestalley,Qianshior“moneymarket”Hutong,,with26mintsproducingcoppercoinsforthecity’,particularlyitswesternside,washometoseveralofChina’searlyfinancialhouses—indeed,walkalongWestHeyanStreetandthereareseverallargeEuropeanclassica,,,atthattime,fascinatingdiscoveriesthroughareasofmainlylow-riseresidentialandcommercialbuildings,includingthe“UndergroundCity”—amazeofanti-nuclearevacuationtunnelsthatwereopentovisitorsatthattime,(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)How,itsfamed“TimeHonoredBrands”—shopsrenownedfortheirhats,silks,foodstuffs,’sfirstcinema,Daguanlou,,featuringasculptureofthefatherofChinesecinema,dong,,itsprestige,runningsouthfromQianmentoZhushikouWestStreet,datesfrom2008andwasmodified,DashilarWestStreetwaspedestrianizedintoacommerciallaneandhomeforlocalprodu(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Simplyleavingthemainbywaycanleadintoalleyslinedwi—therewouldbemanycol,DashilarisbeingseenbytravelguideslikeLonelyPlanetasbecominga”hip”’slocal-styleArtDecobuildingsbecomingcentersforcontemporaryart,erseasbackpackersandtravelers,peoplewhoprefertospendtimeinlocalareasfilleoundingrooftops,whilelookingdownonthevarietyofdomesticandWester’,studentsoftengohomebybicyclecarts,,Tan’erleadstonorth-runningYanshouStreet,shistory,andforaphotographer,aplacetoca(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)TodaytheQianmen-DashilararearemainsasasmallenclavewithinthegreaterareaofBeijing,butitsmanysurviving,twisting,mindedmemoreofavillagewithinacity,ramswhileschoolchildrenplayedont,—thepeoplewhomakethisoneofthemostfascinatingpartsofoldBeijingtoexplore,andwhere(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)QianmenDajieandJianlouTower2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Remindersofthepast-formerhomesandformerfactorybuildingsineasternQianmen2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)RooftopsandtraditionalbuildingsofDashilarandQianmen2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Schoolisout!TanerHutong2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)TheschoolrunTanerHutongDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)ThesecuritymanandvistortoDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)TraditionalfoodsinDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)

  ThaipolicesergeantTanitBussabongdirectstrafficwearingacostumewhereheappearstorideaT-rexdinosauroutsideaschoolinNakhonNayokonJune4,,whohasaround20differentoutfitsincludingMinnieMouseandabearforhistrafficdutyoutsidethekindergarten,saidhisprehistoricuniformisteachingkidsroadsafetyandconvincingparentstoobeytrafficlaws.(Photo/Agencies)ThaipolicesergeantTanitBussabongdirectstrafficwearingacostumewhereheappearstorideaT-rexdinosauroutsideaschoolinNakhonNayokonJune4,,whohasaround20differentoutfitsincludingMinnieMouseandabearforhistrafficdutyoutsidethekindergarten,saidhisprehistoricuniformisteachingkidsroadsafetyandconvincingparentstoobeytrafficlaws.(Photo/Agencies)ThaipolicesergeantTanitBussabongdirectstrafficwearingacostumewhereheappearstorideaT-rexdinosauroutsideaschoolinNakhonNayokonJune4,,whohasaround20differentoutfitsincludingMinnieMouseandabearforhistrafficdutyoutsidethekindergarten,saidhisprehistoricuniformisteachingkidsroadsafetyandconvincingparentstoobeytrafficlaws.(Photo/Agencies)ThaipolicesergeantTanitBussabongdirectstrafficwearingacostumewhereheappearstorideaT-rexdinosauroutsideaschoolinNakhonNayokonJune4,,whohasaround20differentoutfitsincludingMinnieMouseandabearforhistrafficdutyoutsidethekindergarten,saidhisprehistoricuniformisteachingkidsroadsafetyandconvincingparentstoobeytrafficlaws.(Photo/Agencies)Special:PresidentXiJinpingsaidonSundaythatbroadconsensushadbeenreachedatthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitasleadersendtyonLong-TermGood-Neighborliness,FriendshipandCooperationoftheSCOMemberStates,acooperationprogramtocombatterrorism,separatismandextremism,ityandenvironmentalprotection,andamemorandoperationinsectorsincludingbusiness,customs,,Xisaidatamediabriefingthatallpartieshadagreedtoincreaseunityandcooperationanddeepenthepartnershipthatadvocatespeaceandreform,equaltreatment,openness,,deputysecretary-generaloftheSCO,saidtheQingdammit,PotapenkosaidtheSCOSecretariathadalsoheededmanygoodproposalsfromtheleadersofmembercountries."Inthenextstep,itisourjobtoseethemthrough,",,comprehensive,nceandjointactions."Withtheglobaleconomyfacedwithdifficultiesandsetbacksinitsrecoveryandwithfrequentfront-burnerissuesregionallyandinternationally,nocountrycancopealoneorstandunscathed,"fWTOrules,consolidatetheopen,inclusive,transparent,nondiscriminatoryandrules-basedmultilateraltradesystem,ntstrategieswillalsobereinforced,andcooperationinsectorsincludingbusiness,investment,finance,connectivityandagriculturewillbeenhancedtopromotetradeandinvestmentfacilitationandinjectnewmomentumintotheworldeconomy,ilateralcooperationinareasincludingculture,education,scienceandtechnology,environmentalprotection,health,tourism,youth,mediaandsphangeandcooperationfortheSCO,andallpartiesarewillingtodeepencooperationwithobserverstateanddialoguepartners,aswellasdialogueandexchangeswithUNandotherinternationalorregionalorganizations.

,2017showstwilightthroughtheSeventeenArchBridgeintheSummerPalaceinBeijing,capitalofChina.(Xinhua/LiuXianguo)China,700activitieswillbeheldacrossChinatocelebratethisyearsculturalandnaturalheritageday,,whichwasestablishedtosafegstakealookat20culturalheritagesitesinChina,,originallynamedQingyiYuan,ortheGardenofClearRipples,wasanimperialgardenconstructedin1750byEmperorQianlonginabidtocelebratehismother,emperorsandempressesspenttheirleisuretimethere,eselandscapegardendesign,,capitalofsouthwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion,,2018,togreettheSpringFestivalandTibetanNewYear.(Xinhua/Chogo),LhasaThePotalaPalace,winterpalaceoftheDalaiLama,hassymbolizedTibetanBuddhismanditscen,madeupoftheWhiteandRedPalaceswiththeirancillarybuildings,isbuiltonRedMountaininthecenterofLhasaValley,atanaltitudeof3,,JokhangTempleMonasteryandNorbulingkawereaddedtothelistrespectivelyin1994,,2018showsthesnowsceneryofWestLakeinHangzhou,eastChinaZhejiangProvince,,2018.(Xinhua/HuangZongzhi),,WestLakeCulturalLandscapeofHangzhouhasinspiredfamouspoets,,pagodas,pavilions,gardensandornamentaltrees,,2018showsseaofcloudsafterrainfallatHuangyaguansectionoftheGreatWallinTianjin,northChina.(Xinhua/YangYushan),theGreatWallwindsupanddownacrossdeserts,grasslands,mountainsandplateaus,,horsetracks,watchtowers,andsheltersonthewall,,000years,,itisstilloneofthemostappealingattractionsallaroundt,oneofthegreatestwondersoftheworld,,northwestChinasGansuProvince,,2016.(Photo/Xinhua),Gansuprovince,theMogaocaves,alsoknownastheThousand-BuddhaCaves,aretheworldslargest,mostrichlyendowed,,atthecrossroadsoftradeaswellasreligious,,thecarvingofthecavesstartedin366ADandcontinuedforabout1,,housingabout45,000squaremetersofmuralsandmorethan2,000paintedsculptures,,wi(Photo/Xinhua)sYuanDynastyinChina,slegendarycapitalcity,designedbytheMongolrulersChineseadvisor,LiuBingzhong,,includingtemples,palaces,tombs,nomadicencampmentsandtheTiefangangCanal,,,:/FengJun):anImperialSacrificialAltarinBeijingLocatedinthesouthernpartofBeijing,theTempleofHeavenisamagnificentcomplexoffirs,andisthelargestoneinBeijingamongseveralroyalaltarstoHeaven,Earth,theSun,,SoutheastChinasFujianprovince,onDec9,2016.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangDongming)e15thand20thcenturiesover120kilometersinthesouth-westofFujianprovince,irfunctionexe,,efilm,resembling"scarfs"and"dresses",aspartoftheirrestorationintheEmperorQinshihuangsMausoleumSiteMuseuminXian,Shaanxiprovince,Feb23,2015.(Photo/CFP)ntainingterracottawarriorsandhorsesarelocatedinLintongcounty,nearXi’ancity,,,themausoleumislaidoutinlinewiththedimensionsofXianyang,,,,ridianGate(WuMen)ofthePalaceMuseuminBeijing,April17,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)ForbiddenCity,locatedinthecenterofBeijing,,,,(anareaenclosedbyfourpoles).In1924,theimperialfamilyoftheQingDynastywasremovedfromtheForbiddenCity,age,nearMountHuangshan,Anhuiprovince,inMay.(Photo:ChinaDaily/WangHao),HuangshancityinsouthAnhuiprovince,thetwotraditionalvillagesXidiandHongcunarearchitecturalcomplexes,,landscape,architecturalform,decorationandconstructiontechniquesallretaint,northChinasShanxiProvince,April22,,listedasaUNESCOWorldCulturalHeritagesitein2001,willwitnessatourismpeakastheMayDayholidayiscoming.(Photo:Xinhua/YanYan),some16kmwestofDatongcity,Shanxiprovince,theYungangGrottoeswerebuiltagainstthemountainandextendaboutonekm(),000statueswithinacarvedareaof18,000squaremeters,YungangGrottoesrepresenttheoutstandin,withtheirstrictunityoflayoutanddesign,coPoliticalPartyForumvisitLiuyuanorLingeringGardeninSuzhou,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,April22,2013.(Xinhua/ShenPeng),whichseekstorecreateminiaturenaturallandscapes,isnotillustratedanybetterthanintheninegardensinthehistoriccityofSuzhou,’,2017showstheviewofChengdesummerresortinnorthChinasHebeiProvince.(Xinhua/LiuMancang),ChengdeIntermsofthegenerallayout,architecturalstyles,constructiontechniques,decorationdetailsandgardenlandscape,theMountainResort,avastcomplexofpalacesandadministrativeandceremonialbuildingsbuiltbetween1703and1792,representsthebroadexchangeandconvergencebetweenHancultureandtheethniccultures-Confucianism,BuddhismandTaoism-andthearchitecturalstylesbetweenChina,theMountainResorthastemplesofmanyarchitecturalstylesandimperialgardensblendeffortlesslyintoalandscapeoflakes,,,centralChinasHenanProvince,April17,(Xinhua/ZhuXiang)e(618-907).Located13kmsouthofLuoyang,Henanprovince,theLongmenGrottoesareconcentratedontheeastandwestcliffsoftheYishuiRiver,,duringtheNorthernWeiDynasty,Grottoes,liketheTwentyGemsofLongmenCalligraphyandZhuSuiliang’sstonetablets,,madein641inhonorofthemotherofthefourthsonofEmperorTaizong,,,LushanMountainisoneofthemostrenownedmountainsandtourismresortsinthecountry.(Photo/ShanghaiDaily),LushanMountainisoneofChina’,whichwasinscribedontheWorldHeritageListin1996,i,LushanisthebirthplaceofChineselandscapepoetry,plus,thefamousLushanPlenumrepresentsitsroleinChina’,,southwestChinasYunnanProvince,,SCOin1997.(Photo:Xinhua/YangZongyou),lyingontheLijiangplainatanelevationof2,400metersinsouthwestYunnanprovinceofChina,alandstrategifelementsfromseveralcultures,anditsancientwater-supplysy,WudangMountain,alsoknownasTaiheMountain,isbothafamousscenicspotandaholysiteofTaoism,Chinasindigenousreligion.(Photo/)anjiangkouincentralHubeiprovince,theWudangMountainsarehometoafamouscomplexofancientpalaces,periodofnearly1,,anannualeventputonbythespecialadministrativeregionsgovernment,sonSundaynight,(Photo:Xinhua/ZhangJinjia)’straditionalChinesedesign,itstandswitnesst’smissionaryroleintheFarEastwhilealso,formingthemostuniqueblendofculturalheritageexistinginChina’,,clairaudienceandtheJadeEmperorintheDazuRockCarvingsinChongqingmunicipality.(Photo/TheofficialWechataccountofDazuRockCarvings),,’,50,000statuesand100,000inscribedwithChinesecharacter,1999.

  TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)

  Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)FormerprofessionalfootballstarDavidBeckhamplayscuju,knownastheoriginofmodernfootball,attheBengbuAncientBuildingsExpoParkaheadofthe2018G-EXPOGlobalTopSummitinBengbuCity,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,June6,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)FormerprofessionalfootballstarDavidBeckhamplayscuju,knownastheoriginofmodernfootball,attheBengbuAncientBuildingsExpoParkaheadofthe2018G-EXPOGlobalTopSummitinBengbuCity,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,June6,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)

  AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)

  BicyclecartsandbamboobirdcagesQianmenDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Inthe1990s,whiletravelingthroughBeijingtowardsouthwestChinaIwouldalwaysspendafewdaysincreasingmyknowledgeofthecity’“Qianmen-Dashilar”appearedinmydiarynotesfromthosedays—anareaIdiscoveredtobebustlingwithstreetlifewhileretainingmuchofthecapital,acafeoverlookingthemassiveZhengyangmenGatecomplex,Iatebreakfast,satatthewindowanddreamed—dreamsofBeijing,theareaIwasinanditsmanyfacetsandepisodeswithinthecity’,butthelocalnameWestHeyanStreet,orWestRiverbankStreet,(ArrowTower)isonthecity’,“FrontGate”oftheMingDynastywallsseparatingtheimperialgrandeurofthenorthfromthevibrant,,re,(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)ItwassouthalongthatroutetheemperorswouldbecarriedtowardstheTempleofHeavenforritualceremoniesbutitwasalsothroughtheJianloupassagewaywhereofficialsandtheirfamilieswouldemergeintothebustlingareasofQianmenandDashilar,ascommerceandentertainmentwektoweroftheformerZhengyangmenRailwayStation—theoriginal“Beijingstation”,,andanelemen,(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Nextdoor,onQianmenEastStreet,theBeijingPlanningExhib,andbeamazedatthehaphazardlenortharoundDongsi,XisiandZhonggulou,’snarrowestalley,Qianshior“moneymarket”Hutong,,with26mintsproducingcoppercoinsforthecity’,particularlyitswesternside,washometoseveralofChina’searlyfinancialhouses—indeed,walkalongWestHeyanStreetandthereareseverallargeEuropeanclassica,,,atthattime,fascinatingdiscoveriesthroughareasofmainlylow-riseresidentialandcommercialbuildings,includingthe“UndergroundCity”—amazeofanti-nuclearevacuationtunnelsthatwereopentovisitorsatthattime,(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)How,itsfamed“TimeHonoredBrands”—shopsrenownedfortheirhats,silks,foodstuffs,’sfirstcinema,Daguanlou,,featuringasculptureofthefatherofChinesecinema,dong,,itsprestige,runningsouthfromQianmentoZhushikouWestStreet,datesfrom2008andwasmodified,DashilarWestStreetwaspedestrianizedintoacommerciallaneandhomeforlocalprodu(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Simplyleavingthemainbywaycanleadintoalleyslinedwi—therewouldbemanycol,DashilarisbeingseenbytravelguideslikeLonelyPlanetasbecominga”hip”’slocal-styleArtDecobuildingsbecomingcentersforcontemporaryart,erseasbackpackersandtravelers,peoplewhoprefertospendtimeinlocalareasfilleoundingrooftops,whilelookingdownonthevarietyofdomesticandWester’,studentsoftengohomebybicyclecarts,,Tan’erleadstonorth-runningYanshouStreet,shistory,andforaphotographer,aplacetoca(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)TodaytheQianmen-DashilararearemainsasasmallenclavewithinthegreaterareaofBeijing,butitsmanysurviving,twisting,mindedmemoreofavillagewithinacity,ramswhileschoolchildrenplayedont,—thepeoplewhomakethisoneofthemostfascinatingpartsofoldBeijingtoexplore,andwhere(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)QianmenDajieandJianlouTower2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Remindersofthepast-formerhomesandformerfactorybuildingsineasternQianmen2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)RooftopsandtraditionalbuildingsofDashilarandQianmen2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Schoolisout!TanerHutong2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)TheschoolrunTanerHutongDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)ThesecuritymanandvistortoDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)TraditionalfoodsinDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)

  FrancenationalsoccerteamarriveattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,June10,2018tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)EgyptiannationalsoccerteamplayerandLiverpoolsstarstrikerMohammedSalaharriveswiththeEgyptnationalsoccerteamatanairportoutsideGrozny,Russia,June10,day.(Photo/Osports)EgyptiannationalsoccerteamplayerandLiverpoolsstarstrikerMohammedSalaharriveswiththeEgyptnationalsoccerteamatanairportoutsideGrozny,Russia,June10,day.(Photo/Osports)AntoineGriezmanncarrieshisbaggageastheFrancenationalsoccerteamarriveattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,June10,2018tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)OlivierGirouddisembarkstheplaneastheFrancenationalsoccerteamarriveattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,June10,2018tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)PaulPogbadisembarkstheplaneastheFrancenationalsoccerteamarriveattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,June10,2018tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)UruguaysLuisSuarezarrivesatanairportinNizhnyNovgorod,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)UruguaysEdinsonCavaniarrivesatanairportinNizhnyNovgorod,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)UruguaysEdinsonCavaniarrivesatanairportinNizhnyNovgorod,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)FansgreetUruguaysnationalsoccerteamplayersastheyarriveatanairportinNizhnyNovgorod,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)PerusJeffersonFarfánarrivesattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)PerusPaoloGuerreroarrivesattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)

  TopleaderoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)yexpectedtoopenanewchapterintheircountrieselonSingaporesresortislandofSentosa,beestoKimandTrump,,KimYongCholandRiSuYong,twovicechairmenoftheWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK)CentralCommittee,,mp,"very,verygood."Duringtheface-to-facetalks,Trumpsaidhehadan"excellentrelationship"tedforafewsecondsbeforearowofnationalflagsofthetwocountries."Thisisjustanewbeginning,",dressedinadarksuit,andTrump,sportingaredtie,talkedatacornerinthehotelcorridorforafewminutes,beforetheywalkedalongthepassageintothemeetingroomandsatdowninfrontofjournalists."Thewaycomingherewasnoteasy,""alltheobstacles",Trumpsaidthatitwas"anhonor"tomeetface-to-facewithKimandthathewouldhave"aterrificrelationship",Trumsleadershipinlate2011,KimhadmfPanmunjom.

  Special:LeadersoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)heldtheannualsummitoftheEurasianinstitutionhereonSunday,,XicalledforcarryingforwardtheShanghaiSpirittosurmountdifficulties,variousareassoastogivefullplaytotheorganizationatewithotherSCOcountriesintheframeworkoftheSCOindifferentareassuchasorganicfarming,dairyandanimalhusbandry,agriculturaleducation,leveltoamultilateralscale,promotingsettlementsinlocalcurrenciesamongmemberstates,strengtheningexceinsafeguardingregionalsecurityandstability,addingthathehopesitsmemberswouldfurthercoordinatetheirpositionsandactionstobetteraddressthethreatposedbythe"threeevilforces"ofterrorism,,theSCOhasbecomeamodelorganizationforsaforitiesoftheSCO,andtheanEconomicUnionandtheBeltandRoadInitiative,,andjointlycombatthe"threeevilforces,"eexmandnarcoticsmustbeconfrontedcomprehensively,andthathelooksforwardtoexpandinghiscountryetheircommonground,addressdisputespeacefully,seeklong-termcommoninterests,respecteachotherandabandonconflictandconfrontationforamoresecure,rmforregionalcooperation,addingthathehopesMongoliacanincreaseitsparticipationinregionalcooperationwithintheSCOframework.TouristsdressedinKoreanethnicgarbposeinfrontoftheYaluRiverinDandong,Liaoningprovince,onMay1.(YUHAIYANG/FORCHINADAILY)KimJong-unsvisitreaffirmedDPRKslong-standingfriendshipwithChinaOnMarch25,ZhouLinqingrodethetrainfromDandong,Liaoningprovince,toPyongyang,capitaloftheDemocraticPeople,whichisclearlyvisibleacrosstheYaluRiver,,whichtakesaboutsevenhours,isusuallysmoothanduntroubled,butonthisoccasionZhouoralongtimebeforemovingon,,helearnedthatthetrainhadbeenstoppedtomakewayforaspecialtraincarryingKimJong-un,whowasheadingtoBeijingfortalkswithPresidentXiJinpingaspartoftheDPRKtopleader,havingarrivedinSingaporeon,Liaoningprovince,onMay1.(YUHAIYANG/FORCHINADAILY)BackinPyongyang,ZhouandhisbusinesspartnersfromtheDPRKwatchedalengthyTVnewsreportaboutKimshistoricmeetingwithXi,includingfootageofahandshakebetweenthesmilingleadersthatquicklywentviralonsocialmedia."IcloselymonitortheinternationalsituationregardingtheDPRKbecausechangescaninstantlyanddirectlyaffectcross-bordertrade,,"the54-year-oldsaid."Dontgetmewrong-eenXiandKimwasdefinitelyworthcelebrating,re,"hesaid,,ZhouglancedatabusinesswomanfromtheDPRKwhowastalkingtooneofhisemployeesaboutplacingordersforawiderangeofitems."Itseemslikesheneedseverything,"omersinDandong,Liaoningprovince,onMay1.(YUHAIYANG/FORCHINADAILY)GaoliStreetisoneofthemostpopularplacesinDandongfosdesk,smallChineseandDPRKnationaldeskflagsflankacollectionofbooksaboutKimIl-sung,theDPRKsfounderwhowasKimJongun,,whicharewritteninChinese,carefullytogleanhintsthatwouldhelphimdecodethemindsetofthecountry-destinationwithplentyofbusinesspotential."Peopleareusuallymystified,buttheydon,itisuniqueinmanyways,suchasitspoliticalsystemandthewaybusinessesarerun,butaslongasyoureallyunderstandhowthingsworkthere,itsjustbusinessasusual,"saidZhou,,Liaoningprovince,whichsellsgoodsfromtheDemocraticPeoplesbusinesshasdeclinedasaresultofsanctionsimposedontheDPRKbytheUNlastyear.(YANGQING/XINHUA)SanctionsbiteInAugustandSeptember,theUNSecurityCouncilimposedtwosetsofsanctionsontheDPRK,,iron,leadandseafood,,Ksminingsector,Zhouhasbeenaffected."tions,",threemonthsafterthesanctionswereimposed,thetradevolumebetweenChinaandtheDPRKwas$310million,ayear-on-yeardeclineof50percent,auseitseconomyisheavilyinfluencedbytheinternationalsi,,2015,thedayitopenedforbusiness.(PANYULONG/XINHUA)ThegoodnewsforZhouisthatDPRKresidentsrelyheavilyonsmallbusinessestoprovidethemwithallkindsofgoods,butthecountrysunstableelectricitysupplymeansnonelectricalitemsareespeciallypopular."Thefactisthatdemandisrisingandunstoppable,",roadandriverroutesdirectlyconnectedwithSinuiju,acityintheDPRKclosetotheborder,morethan70percentofChinastradewiththecountrypassesthroughDandong,heinternationalsituationinvolvingtheDPRK,and,moreimportant,,whichopenedin1943andconnectsDandongandSinuiju,hasfallensharplysinceChinaimplementedtheUNsanctions,accordingtoZhang,aveterancross-borderbusinessmanwhodeclinedtogivehisfullname."ForpeopleinDandong,themostobviouschangesarethattherearenoyoungwomenfromtheDPRKservingatjointventurerestaurantsthatarefamousforauthenticDPRKcuisine,andseafoodfromtheDPRKisnolongeravailableondinnertables,"(FREDDUFOUR/FORCHINADAILY)SpeculationZhangaddedthatlocalpeoplehavenotreactedtospeculationinsomepartsofChinathatDandongcouldbeafutureShenzhen-thecityinGuangdongprovincethatwasthecountryelopmentduringameetingintheDPRKonApril20."e,andthestatusofthenewbridgeacrosstherivertheywontbelieveeverythingtheyreadabouttheDPRK,"hesaid,(WENSHAN/FORCHINADAILY)BridgingthegapToboostcross-bordertrade,constructionofanewcrossing,officiallycalledtheNewChina-DPRKFriendshipBridge,,thenewbridge-about12kmdownstreamfromtheold940-meter-longconstruction-hasntbeenputintousebecauseconstructionofaroadtoconnectitwithSinuijuhasntstartedyet."Atthemoment,thenewbridgeonlyfunctionsasaholderforneonlights;istalkabouttheopening-upoftheDPRK;whenwilltrucksbeabletousethisexpensivebridge"Zhangsaid."SomeofmyfriendsbelievethehypeandhaveevenaskedmehowtheycanbuypropertyinSinuiju-theyaredeadlyserious."AftertheUNimposedthelatestsanctions,YaoXing,28,amemberoftheyoungergenerationofcross-borderbusinesspeopleinDandong,shiftedhisfocusfromimportingdieseltotakingtouriststotheDPRK."WeveseenarisingnumberofyoungChineseshowinganinterestinvisitingthecountrybecausetheyhavehe,businessisbooming,",Yaoatingthecountryisnotasdifficultastheyhadassumedandthatitcouldbefuntotakeatrip."Therisingdemandmeanswehaveto,manypeopleviewtheonce-a-dayinternationaltraintotheDPRKasanattractioninitsownright,althoughthe220-kilometerjourneycantakeuptosevenhoursbecauseofsecuritychecks,",thebusinessman,saidthatgiventhesanctionsimposedovertheyears,"Ofcourse,likeeveryoneelseinDandong,Iwillcloselyfollowthemeetingbetween,IalsowanttoseetheUNtakeitshandsoffthesanctionsbutton,whichwouldhaveanimmediate,beneficialeffectonmybusiness,"hesaid.

  

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观点:“双一流”不能仅靠论文量化评价
2019-07-20 08:41:00 来源: 北京青年报
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  英国《泰晤士高等教育》专刊公布2017年亚洲前300名大学排行榜,香港排名最高的港大由去年的第4名跌至第5名,北京大学连续第二年排名第二,清华大学拿下第三。《泰晤士高等教育》往年多在6月公布亚洲大学排名,今年提前一季度公布,它是根据教学、研究、论文影响、国际表现和智财收入共5大绩效指标进行评分。

  对于世界大学排行榜不必过度关注,因为这只是一家机构根据自己所采用的指标,对大学评分列出的排名,并不能全面、真实地反映一所大学的办学质量。如果只紧盯大学排行榜,会严重误导办学方向,把大学办为排行榜中的大学,导致大学办学急功近利,失去大学的文化和精神。

  目前所有大学排行榜都存在两大问题。一是排行榜重视学术研究成果,而轻视人才培养质量。这是由排行榜的属性所致。不同的大学要纳入一个评价体系进行排行,必须选择带有共性的指标,而且是数据可得的指标,因此选择发表论文数量、发表论文期刊影响因子、发表论文引用数等作为排行指标,就显得顺理成章。这些指标所有大学都会有。《美国新闻与世界报道》在对美国国内大学进行排名时,用的指标是新生录取率、新生留校率、教育资源利用率、毕业率、校友捐赠率等,这些指标反映的是学生对学校的选择、学校教育质量。因为美国大学实行自由申请入学制度和自由转学制度,因此可以使用这些指标。而在对国际大学进行排名时,却主要用的是学术研究指标,因为各国大学的录取制度、学籍管理制度不同,很难找到大家都有的评价教学质量的共性指标。

  然而,这些学术研究指标对于不同类型的大学、学科是不公平的。发论文较多的医科、理工科以及相关大学有很大的排行优势,而发论文(国际论文)较少的人文社会学科、艺术学科以及相关大学则面临很大的排行劣势。以人文社会科学见长的大学,在世界大学排行榜中,很难有较高排名。那些排名进步很大的学校都因在生命学科、理工科领域发论文增长快。如果过于重视排名,大学就会重视这些学科建设。我国大学之前热衷合并医学院,就与医科论文多有关。

  应该让大学把办学精力多聚焦在学术研究上。相对来说,分类排行由于对同一类型的大学进行排行会更客观一些,但即便如此,用学术研究作为主要指标,也会引导大学把主要精力用到学术研究上,而忽视教育教学,而教育教学是一所大学的根本所在。

  排行榜存在的第二个问题是重视体量而忽视了个性和特色。虽然有的大学排行榜已经意识到这一问题,在排行时除统计总体数量外,还关注质量并重视产出效率。比如,在发表论文数量基础上,引入顶尖期刊论文数、论文引用率、教师论文产出率等指标,但是,这无法避免数量评价的局限性。一方面,有的数据是可以采取一定的手段做出来的,比如期刊影响因子、论文引用率。近年来我国就曝出影响因子造假、论文引用造假。另一方面,那些办学体量大的学校在综合排行中,比学科少的学校是具有优势的,因此,我国大学都追逐办成“高大全”。

  大学排行榜作为社会机构对大学进行专业评价和社会评价,对大学办学具有一定的参考作用,前提是大学排行榜本身的指标科学、合理,数据真实、客观。但是,如果就盯着大学排行榜办学,会让大学办学变得越来越功利。我国内地的大学近年来在世界大学排行榜中的排名越来越高,可是,却没有转化为国际竞争力。来这些名校攻读学位的发达国家生源远远少于到英美国家大学攻读学位的生源。原因在于这都是学术研究带来的排名提高,而学术研究也主要体现在发表论文上,但论文发表不该是学术研究的最高追求。我国大学由于重视论文发表,结果导致整个学术界被“唯论文论”笼罩。撰写、发表论文成学者的首要任务,我国学者发表的论文数已经全球第一。可是,这些论文有多少是具有原创价值、世界影响力的学术研究成果呢?针对我国存在的“论文发表情结”,国外一些学术期刊已经在做专门为中国学者发表论文的生意。

  我国当前正在建设“双一流”,加快推进建设世界一流大学、一流学科。有正确的一流认识,对建设“双一流”至关重要,这需要建立科学的评价一流的体系。不能采取简单的量化指标,来评价大学的办学,而需要综合评价一所大学在人才培养、学术研究中所做出的教育贡献与学术贡献。(艾萍娇)

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